The major benefit to keeping moisture out of your basement is that it will allow you to keep your home and live a healthy life. That sounds trite, but on a basic level it really is just that simple. Water in basements is common in the Toronto area and if you find some, you should definitely contact a plumbing professional like Waterman to come in and assess the situation. The Toronto atmosphere contains a lot of moisture being a coastal city and its northern location also tends to lend to longer winter months. These factors are important because they can increase the chances that water will be present in your basement. Luckily there are ways to resolve the issue and the majority of them are not terribly expensive.
How does water get into my basement?
The cooler months in Toronto tend to allow the cold to linger in the city’s basements for months even after above ground temperatures have warmed. When this air above is warmer than the air below, it can cause a humid condition that creates condensation to form in the basement which can lead to mold and mildew conditions that are harmful to your health.
Another way water can enter your basement is through an unsealed rim joist. The rim joist forms a barrier between the exterior and interior of your home and is covers the perimeter between your above and below ground floors. This is an important space that can incur gaps over time as homes settle and shift, or are affected by changes in the soil and erosion.
It is also very common for the foundation to crack due to similar issues with soil, temperature, pressure and time. Homes that are 10+ years old have usually begun to settle quite well and tend to develop cracks in the underpinning and foundation walls. The changing seasons and pressures from the levels above can cause the cracks to widen over time and all ground water that has not drained away from the home to seep in.
How will a plumber waterproof my basement?
Waterproofing a basement is not a difficult task and some of the process you can easily do without much effort, but if you don’t have any experience, it is better to call in a professional plumber like Waterman to do it for you. The general process consists of:
Redirect the culprit – This would entail building up your foundation around the perimeter of your home to allow water to slope away. Also it is a good idea to make sure downspouts with drains disperse water at least five feet from the foundation. You can also remove any plants that are within a foot of the foundation which will help to keep moisture at bay.
Seal it from the inside – There are many sealants on the market that can be rolled on with a brush over the interior foundation walls. To be clear there are water proofers and water sealants. The difference is price and effectiveness. For a project such as your basement, a sealer would be recommended and these work by forming a crystalline structure that helps the coating bond to the existing foundation wall and become stronger.
These are the most basic ways to seal a basement in the Toronto area. You can seal visible cracks to brick work with epoxies and install perforated perimeter drains that funnel water into interior sump pumps for moving up and out of the basement, but those projects should definitely be handled by professional like Waterman to make sure they are done correctly.