Before you do any type of installation or repair work with a drain, you’ll first need to properly clean it by using either a machine or chemical drain cleaner. You’ll also need to take good care of the machine. With the right tools and supplies, you can keep the drains running properly in your home or office and save a lot of money.
Preventive measures are extremely important. The sooner you can fix any problems with your plumbing, the better. One of the biggest causes of plumbing problems is clogged drains. Cleaning them out on a regular basis is a must.
Here are some tips for cleaning and replacing drains:
Choose the right machine with the ideal cable diameter size.
The first thing you must do is get the right machine. Select a machine with a diameter cable that matches the diameter of the drain line. The typical diameter size for small drain lines, such as the ones found on sinks and bathtubs is 1-1/4-inch to 2-inches. The ideal cable diameter for this size drain is either 1/4-inch to 5/16 inch or 5/8 inch (sectional). For a medium to large (3-inch to 6-inch diameter) main line, the typical cable diameter is 5/8-inch. If you are unsure, consult with experts, such as the Waterman team. The drain line for toilet or large mainline may have a diameter of 4-inches to 10inches. For this size, go with a diameter cable of ¾-inch.
Make sure you have the right cutters.
The cutter blade should be matched with the blockage type. For cutting or scraping medium drain lines, use U-cutters, side arrow heads, or boring gimlets. For removing loose objects from medium drain lines, use a small retrieving tool; use a large retrieving tool for larger drain lines Saw blades or ClogChoppers are ideal for cutting and scraping large drain lines.
Don’t rush through the process.
Always work slowly and cautiously. Do not get in a hurry. The cable should not be forced into the line. You must allow the cable and cutter to turn freely as you cut through the obstruction carefully in a back and forth motion. If you are unable to get the cable around the bends, either the cable diameter or the cutting tip is too large. A sign that the cable diameter may be too small is if it the cable is breaking or kinking.
Keep the machine clean.
Make sure the machine is clean prior to each use. Wash the cable out and apply snake-oil to prevent rust. Allow it to deodorize after each use.
Don’t allow the cable to become exposed to the chemicals in the pipe. If it is, clean it immediately and oil it properly after use. If you do not, the chemical contact may cause brittleness.
Make sure the cable is feeding properly.
If there is a problem with a feed roller, it will not turn properly. This will lead to problems with the cable feeding. Either the roller(s) needs to be cleaned and greased or requires replacement. It’s recommended to replace all of the rollers at the same time.